Blue Linux Version 1.0
January 20th 2002
Copyright © 2002 Linux for Education (LFE) All rights reserved.
This document is published under the http://www.opencontent.org/opencontent license and is freely distributed.
Thank you for your interest in Blue Linux Software, Blue Linux is designed to make computing in educational systems, easy and affordable, by combining the stability and power of Linux with a clean Graphical Interface, and no tacked on licensing fees. Blue Linux includes enhanced and simplified versions of:
By obtaining this copy of Blue Linux you have shown you or your schools desire to push your computing power to the limit.
Blue Linux can be very easy to install and maintain. Most users can have a fully running machine in less then 45 minutes. A few items should be on hand in order for your installation to go smoothly.
Check your system requirements
A 486 or compatible processor, 16 megabytes of RAM, and 700 megabytes of unpartitioned hard drive space are required to use Blue Linux. In practice we suggest a 300 MHz processor, 64 megabytes of ram, and 1 Gigabyte of unpartitioned hard drive space, reminder the faster your computer the faster we can run. Blue Linux was built to be run on slower machines but this however does not mean that it can run as well as it could on a faster machine.
Blue Linux uses, for performance reasons, its own partitions on your hard drive. This means that having 700 Megabytes of free room on your Windows C: drive does not fulfill the hard drive space requirement of Blue Linux. If you do not have unpartitioned space on your computer, you may either add another hard drive or use software such as PowerQuest's Partition Magic utility to shrink your existing Windows partition.
If you do choose to use Partition Magic, create a Linux Native partition of at least 700 Megabytes and a Linux Swap partition of at least 128 Megabytes. Partition Magic can be found online at http://www.powerquest.com/partitionmagic/
Inventory your Hardware
You may be itching to pop in your new Blue Linux CD and install, but first take a few minutes to inventory your hardware. While Blue Linux does its best to probe your computer's hardware, it may make mistakes. In these cases it's good to know what type of computer hardware you actually have in your system, so that comparisons can be made between your hardware and what Blue Linux thinks your hardware is. (Please report any major problems with this to email@example.com)
Find and write down the following information:
Keep this information handy during installation.
Create Boot Floppies
The Blue Linux CD contains drivers for most of the hardware Blue Linux recognizes, If you wish you use Blue Linux on a Laptop, or you boot the Blue Linux Installation Program from a floppy drive instead of the CD, you will need to create boot floppies.
The easiest way to create boot floppies is from DOS (or Windows command prompt). You will need at least one 1.44 Megabyte floppy disk. Insert your Blue Linux disk into your CD-ROM drive and type the following commands from a DOS prompt (this example assumes your CD-ROM drive is letter X:)
X:\> cd floppy
Rawrite will then ask you what image file to use, type in install.144 . You will then be asked the letter drive of your floppy disk. On most systems it will be A: type the letter of your floppy drive and then sit and wait. When rawrite is finished you can remove this disk and do the same if you need PCMCIA support or SCSI support during the installation. This does not mean that if you need PCMCIA or SCSI support after the install you will need these disks.
Once you have checked for free partition space, inventoried your system, and (optionally) created boot disks, you are ready to begin installing!. Place the Blue Linux Installation CD into your CD-ROM drive and reboot your computer. You will be greeted with the following options.
Choose the first option, Install Blue Linux by hitting the ENTER key or by waiting for a 15 seconds. The Blue Linux Installer will begin to boot.
You will shortly be given the following prompt:
Insert SCSI floppy (if you are on a desktop system) , or
Insert PCMCIA floppy ( if you have a laptop).
If you have a SCSI system and booted from the Install floppy, insert the SCSI floppy. If you have a laptop, insert the PCMCIA floppy.
At this point Blue Linux will do a brief hardware probe. After it finishes scanning for your hardware you will be greeted with the Blue Linux Install Wizard Welcome Screen.
Figure 1, Welcome!
The Welcome screen introduces the Blue Linux Installation Wizard. Click next.
Figure 2, Select Mouse
Many times Blue Linux is able to detect your mouse and select the appropriate settings for you. If it was not able to do so you can alter the settings here. Select the correct settings.
Most modern mice are either PS/2 or USB mice and have 3 buttons. If your mouse has two buttons, click the this mouse has two buttons checkbox in the lower left-hand corner of the screen.
If your mouse has a wheel for the third button, you may wish to change the Standard without wheel setting to Intellimouse or MouseMan Plus, or what ever else is appropriate.
Once you have configured your mouse correctly, test it by moving the mouse pointer over the picture of the mouse on the screen. You can safely click your mouse buttons and test the wheel here.
Figure 3, Select Keyboard
Here select the type of keyboard you have. A Standard Keyboard is a normal, 101-key PC Keyboard. Standard with Windows Keys is the same keyboard but with extra Windows keys between the Alt and Ctrl keys.
Once you have selected your keyboard, Click Next.
Select Video Card
Figure 4, Select Video Card
It is necessary for Blue Linux to know what type of video card you have installed in your system. This should have been detected correctly; if not, you can select the correct card and amount of Video memory from the drop-down lists or click the Probe video card button.
Probing the video card causes Blue Linux to search aggressively to determine the type of card you have. Sometimes this can cause your system to crash. If you do know the type of card you have, and are sure it was not detected correctly, we suggest changing the settings by hand rather than probing.
If you system does crash when you ask Blue Linux to probe the video card you must reboot the system and start over. Otherwise, click Next
Choose your monitor by scrolling through the list of vendor's, clicking on the (+) next to the name, and then selecting the model. If your exact monitor model is not shown choose the one most similar. If you cannot find a similar model, you may choose from one of the standard monitors at the top of the list.
Selecting the wrong monitor can cause Blue Linux to damage your monitor, Be sure to select the correct one. Then click Next
Figure 6, Select Resolution
After selecting the video card and monitor, you now have the ability to choose your resolution. Choose an appropriate display depth and refresh rate. Select the Test this mode to insure the video mode works for your system.
Try different resolutions until you find one that you like. Then click Next when you are ready to proceed.
Figure 7, Select Target
This screen allows you to specify where Blue Linux will be installed on your hard drive. You may choose one of the four choices:
Choose one of the four options then click Next.
Figure 8, Select Disk
Use the entire hard disk will list all of your hard drives and let you choose one. The hard drive selected will be erased, repartitioned, and formatted. Use this only if you are willing to lose any data on this hard drive! When you have chosen, click Prepare selected disk for Blue Linux . Then click Next to proceed to the Format Partitions step.
Figure 9, Select Partition
The Let me select a partition option will list all of your existing Linux (ext2, ext3) partitions. If you have previously created Linux partitions, either manually or via the Partition Magic utility, use this option to select the partition you wish to use.
This option will install all of Blue Linux onto a single root Linux partition. If any data exists on the selected partition it will be destroyed. Click Next and proceed with the Format Partitions step.
Figure 10, Repartition
The Repartition (expert only) option is the most flexible and the most advanced, Use this option only if you are familiar with disk partitions and know how to manipulate them.
This tool allows you to create Linux, Windows, Extended, and Linux Swap partitions. You can also specify a mount point for each partition. At least one Linux partition mounted as /, and a Linux swap partition are required to continue.
This partitioning tool is destructive, you will not be able to edit the partition table without losing data on any partitions you change. You can, however, keep existing data on partitions that are mounted in other places besides / or /var as long as you do not alter the partition.
After you have edited the partition table to your satisfaction , click on Write to save your changes. Then click Next to continue.
Figure 11, Format Partitions
After selecting the appropriate partitioning it is time to format the partitions in preparation for installing the software. This step summarizes the places in which you will be installing Blue Linux. Click on Format chosen partitions to erase the data on these partitions. Then click Next.
Figure 12, Start Installation
Blue Linux is ready to install your new Operating System. Click Next to continue.
Enter Your Name
Figure 13, Enter your Name
Blue Linux has started to install its software onto your hard drive(s). While it is doing this, it allows you to customize your installation by choosing a few different options. The first is giving it your name and associated passwords.
You will need to have two sets of passwords; one for normal use ("Your Password") and one for administrative use ("System Password"). Both must be entered twice, and will show as asterisks on the screen.
Each time you log in to Blue Linux you will be asked for your password. When you perform certain system-level functions, such as adding or removing programs or deleting certain files, you will be asked for the system password.
Select the Your Name box and enter your given name. Select the Login name box and enter a login name, No spaces and is case sensitive, We recommend your first name in all lower case letters. Select the Your password box and enter your password; enter it again in the Retype box.
Now think of a system password and type it into the System password box and then into the Retype box.
If all went well, you will be able to click on the Add User button and Next buttons in succession. If you chose a short password (less then 5 characters), mistyped it in the Retype dialogs, or entered a user name which conflicts with a system user name, a message will appear asking you to correct the problem before you can proceed.
Choose your passwords carefully and write them down!. Keep them in a safe place. If someone finds your password, that person could read and damage all the files on your system, Conversely, if you forget your system password, only trained Linux users will be able to recover it for you.
Figure 14, Setup Networking
If you have an Ethernet card you may configure it here. You will probably have an Ethernet card if your computer is part of a Local-Area Network or uses high-speed Internet access.
If you do have an Ethernet card, you can configure it statically or dynamically. If you have a server assigned IP address, click on Server-assigned configuration (DHCP). If you have a static IP address, click on Static Ethernet configuration and enter the IP address, Network mask, Gateway address, and two Name server addresses.
If you are unsure of these settings, contact your network administrator or Internet Service Provider.
Enter a host name for your machine. Examples are noname.nodomain.none and enigma.bluelinux.org. Then click Next.
Setup a modem
Figure 15, Setup a modem
If you have a modem you can configure it here. Choose an appropriate model from the drop-down list. If yours is not listed choose a similar model.
Choose the device to which your modem is connected; /dev/ttys0 corresponds to COM1:, /dev/ttys1 corresponds to COM2: , and so on.
Adjust the speed, flow control, command, and init sting settings if necessary. Then click on Next.
Setup a Printer
Figure 16, Setup a printer
Both locally-attached and remote Linux printers can be configured on this page. If you have a printer attached to your computer, select the model ( and optionally the variant) as well as the port to which it is attached. Then click Add. Click Test to print a test page.
Remote Linux printers can also be added; change the Model setting to Remote Printer and enter destination (in the form of queue@server) in the Dest field.
Remote Windows printers can not be added from this dialog, but they can be added as soon as you login to Blue Linux from the Configure Blue Linux link in the System Menu.
You can add more then one printer by selecting settings for other printers and clicking Add again. Each printer must have a different name.
When finished click Next.
Select Time Zone
Figure 17, Select Time zone
Blue Linux needs to know your time zone. Click on the area of the map or select the appropriate zone from the drop-down list. Then click Next.
Setup Boot Loader
A boot loader must be installed in order to boot into Blue Linux. Blue Linux's boot loader will allow you to choose whether you want to load Blue Linux, or Windows (or other versions of Linux, if installed) when you boot your computer.
If you wish to use your own boot loader (Such as System Commander, OS/2 Boot Manager, or Boot Magic) uncheck the Use Blue Linux's boot loader option. You must configure your boot manager manually.
Figure 18, Games
Once you have completed the previous configuration screens you can play some games while you wait for your installation to finish.
Figure 19, Installation Finished
This is the last screen of the Blue Linux installation program. You have the chance to create a rescue disk here. A rescue disk will allow you to boot into your Blue Linux install if your installation becomes damaged or corrupted. (Recommended)
You can not create a rescue disk or click finish until the installation is complete. You will know that your installation is complete because the Write Disk and Finish buttons will now be able to be clicked.
Insert a blank floppy disk into your floppy drive and click Write Disk. When you are done, click Finish.
Bringing up Blue Linux
Booting into Blue Linux for the first time
After the Blue Linux installation is fully installed, the Installation Wizard will disappear and you will be shown the boot screen. Several messages will appear, after which you will be shown the Blue Linux Desktop.
The desktop login screen allows you to login, reboot , or shut down your computer. To log in, click on the icon corresponding with your login name. Enter your password and click the Go! button.
After you have finished using Blue Linux you must log out to let others use it or to shut it down. Never shut down without logging out first.
To logout click on the K icon in the lower-left hand corner. Choose Logout. From the Leave Blue Linux? dialog choose Logout again. You will be returned to the desktop login screen.
To shut down or reboot the computer, select the Shutdown button from the login screen Choose Shutdown or Reboot and click Ok.
Booting into Blue Linux
When you power your computer on you will be greeted with the Blue Linux boot loader screen. This boot loader allows you to load Blue Linux, Windows, or any other operating system you have installed on your computer.
To select which operating system to load, use the up and down arrow keys to highlight the entry you wish to use and hit ENTER to continue.